περιβάλλον και πολιτική

Posts Tagged ‘slavery

Διακήρυξη του Οικουμενικού Πατριαρχείου και της Εκκλησίας της Αγγλίας για την Μοντέρνα Δουλεία

leave a comment »

Modern Slavery – A Joint Declaration

source: https://www.patriarchate.org/-/modern-slavery-a-joint-declaration

logo_en

  1. We, Bartholomew, Archbishop of Constantinople-New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch, and Justin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of All England, co-sponsored a special international Forum on Modern Slavery titled “Sins Before Our Eyes” at the Phanar from February 6-7, 2017. The Forum, originally proposed during the official visit by the Ecumenical Patriarch to Lambeth Palace in November 2015, was a high-level gathering of distinguished scholars, practitioners and policymakers from around the world, invited to discuss the contemporary problem of human exploitation. The Forum also takes place within the context of 2017: The Year of the Sanctity of Childhood, as declared by the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
  2. For religious communities worldwide and for the global human-rights community, the protection of human dignity and fundamental human rights is of utmost importance. The role of the Church in the world is “to preach good news to the poor, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim release to the captives and to set at liberty the oppressed.” (Isaiah 61.1, Luke 4.18) This was clearly articulated in the final Encyclical of the Holy and Great Council of the Orthodox Church (Crete, June 2016): “The Church lives not for herself. She offers herself for the whole of humanity in order to raise up and renew the world into a new heaven and a new earth.”
  3. We are convinced that there is an intimate and inseparable link between preserving God’s natural creation and protecting God’s image in every human being, especially those most vulnerable to the myriad forms of human exploitation that comprise the sin of modern slavery. The same arrogance and greed are to blame for the oppression and exploitation of innocent victims – most often children and women – of human trafficking, human smuggling, prostitution, the sale of human organs, indentured labor, and the many other dimensions of modern slavery. Each and every person bears the burden and pays the price for the fact that there are more people in slavery today than at any other time in history.
  4. In his keynote address, the Ecumenical Patriarch observed: “The Orthodox Church is often accused of neglecting the world for the sake of liturgical worship and spiritual life, turning primarily toward the Kingdom of God to come, disregarding challenges of the present. In fact, however, whatever the Church says, whatever the Church does, is done in the Name of God and for the sake of human dignity and the eternal destiny of the human being. It is impossible for the Church to close its eyes to evil, to be indifferent to the cry of the needy, oppressed and exploited. True Faith is a source of permanent struggle against the powers of inhumanity.” In his opening address, Archbishop Welby emphasized: “Slavery is all around us, but we are too blind to see it. It is in our hands, and yet we are too insensitive to touch it. The enslaved are next to us in the streets, but we are too ignorant to walk alongside them. It must not be relegated to a footnote in history. It is still a living reality in all of our communities, as I have seen from personal experience in the United Kingdom, not because we think it is acceptable, but because our sin lies in blindness and ignorance.”
  5. Therefore,
    1. We condemn all forms of human enslavement as the most heinous of sins, inasmuch as it violates the free will and the integrity of every human being created in the image of God.
    2. We commend the efforts of the international community and endorse the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.
    3. We pray that all victims of modern slavery may be liberated in order to rebuild their lives and that the perpetrators may be brought to justice.
    4. We repent for not doing nearly enough swiftly enough to curb the plague of modern slavery, acknowledging that our ignorance and indifference are the worst forms of tolerance and complicity. We are judged each day by what we refuse to see and fail to do for the most vulnerable among us.
    5. We appeal to local and national governments to pass and implement strict laws against modern slavery, with a budget and capability to ensure organizations are held to account for modern slavery in their supply chains, while also allocating resources and services for trafficking victims, who are exposed to and endangered by such injustice.
    6. We encourage our leaders to find appropriate and effective ways of prosecuting those involved in human trafficking, preventing all forms of modern slavery, and protecting its victims in our communities and promoting hope wherever people are exploited.
    7. We urge our faithful and communities – the members of the Orthodox Church and the Church of England – as well as all people of good will to become educated, raise awareness, and take action with regard to these tragedies of modern slavery, and to commit themselves to working and praying actively towards the eradication of this scourge against humanity.
    8. We commit to the establishment of a joint taskforce for modern slavery to bring forward timely recommendations as to how the Orthodox Church and the Church of England can collaborate in the battle against this cruel exploitation.

At the Phanar, February 7, 2017

✠ BARTHOLOMEW
Archbishop of Constantinople-New Rome
and Ecumenical Patriarch

✠ JUSTIN
Archbishop of Canterbury
and Primate of All England

 

previous on this site:

 

Advertisements

Written by dds2

Απρίλιος 11, 2017 at 11:42 πμ

Ending Slavery, A Freedom Blueprint

2 Σχόλια

A Freedom Blueprint

written by Dimitrios D. Soufleris

Slavery is a subject at the core of being human. It is a matter of heart in many ways.
Although there are many detailed definitions of slavery there is always one thing that comes in mind when we are talking for the subject. The opposite of slavery. And that is freedom.
That’s why the discussion and the work about slavery always goes deep inside the core of being human. Because there the only thing that we should find is freedom.
Freedom of the individual, freedom of the society, freedom of state and countries and mostly freedom of thought.
Following this aspect we have to approach this global subject. We have to understand that the way people think about the others and for themselves makes the internal situation that can lead to the use or the acceptance of slavery. This way of thinking can also lead to the deployment of real freedom and equality for all humanity.
Are there methods that can help us to build this freedom and demolish the chains that keep some of our brothers and sisters enslaved?

In part 3.8 of this course is mentioned that: “Slavery is a legal problem but also, to a greater or lesser extent in every country, a problem of economic development, migration, gender, prejudice and corruption”.
I’m afraid that I absolutely disagree with that statement and the background point of view. Slavery is not a matter of law and a legal problem on the first place. Except if we can also reach an understanding that also murder, or rape are also first of all legal problems. Which is probably not acceptable. These great issues of humankind are problems which have to be faced and confronted with law, legislation and jurisdiction. But first of all these great problems are firstly matters of societies and civilizations.

Under the previous preconditions I conclude to the following:
1) Ending Slavery is one of the most difficult tasks that humankind faces.
2) It is very optimistic and probably unrealistic to believe that slavery will come to an end once and for ever.
3) The fight is going to last as far as there are people on this planet.
4) But the above make this subject even more serious and important. We must cope with this old daemon of human history and try to do our best. The aim is the diminishing of all types of slavery and the scaling up of slaves who become free persons.

Somebody will say after reading the ideas of the above paragraphs. What is your suggestion for eliminating slavery? What can you offer to the Freedom Blueprint? Your ideas are good (or bad, or I disagree with them etc) but what are the practical means that you suggest for fighting slavery and to earn a minimization of it and its poisonous consequences?

My answer to the last question goes as follows:

1) The problem is international. So the confrontation must be also international.
2) The problem lies in the structural development of our societies and civilizations. The differences are so big that if we do not take care about them will stay trapped in unrealistic assumptions. It is absolutely different the way a woman or a child or a person of another religion is confronted from Islam or Hinduism etc. The western ideals, based mainly on Christianity are not automatically shared by the rest of humanity.
3) The solution has to step on the common values and central patterns of the so many different societies and civilizations of our world.
4) There are notable and successful structures-organizations with valuable experience in the fight against slavery.
5) There is a serious need for coordination and cooperation between the official international organizations, NGOs, states and countries, educational institutions, religious groups etc.
6) The unity against the “enemy” must take in consideration the differentiation of humans mentality (e.g. the old woman from Mauritania who said:”I’m a good slave”).
7) Probably the creation of a new international organism as the central director/coordinator for this fight will complicate things and is going to cost in time and money – both necessary for the fight against contemporary slavery.
8) The UN is not the perfect but the most serious candidate for this role.
9) The special department of the UN that will be responsible for the antislavery global coordination has to be absolutely independent from governments and the strong well-known formations of the UN (e.g Security Council).
10) This new entity must quickly acquire a well known and recognized name, logo and sign. The best example that comes into my mind is that of UNICEF. There are also many other UN organs and special programs, funds and agencies. I believe that an international organ with the ability to be easily recognized but dedicated to the Freedom Blueprint of eliminating slavery will become an important leap forward to Ending Slavery.
11) The role that I propose may be seen according to the paradigm of a conductor and a symphonic orchestra: You need many different organs to have an orchestra. Its one and with the musician behind it contribute to the final wonderful result: the symphonic music. But all these great people are not able to give birth to that result without the conductor. Needless to say that a conductor doesn’t make the music. But all of these people are “conditio sine qua non” to have that magnificent effect. And the more rich in the number of musicians and their expertise the orchestra the more reach also the final outcome.
12) The same is going to happen with this international “Ending Slavery” formula. Different organizations, people, states, legal systems, NGOs, religious authorities etc, keeping their difference and “personal” characteristics united toward an aim which will give contemporary slaves their freedom, keep them free, help them to build free societies and independent persons.
13) Clever slogans like “different but united” or “One slave less – One more man free,” or “Today towards a world without slaves, Tomorrow towards a world without poverty (or war etc)” can help the cause.

This central structure, under the supervision of the UN must be under the rule only of the General Assembly and the General Secretariat. For two reasons: this matter concerns everybody in the international community. The general assembly is consisted from the total of today’s worldwide countries. Naturally that is the appropriate organ to confront such an international problem which is as serious as wars, killing people, poverty, violation of human rights etc.
The second reason to put this under the General Assembly is because we hope that all member states has to work for the abolition of slavery without secret agendas and political plays behind closed doors.

But in the very end the real work will be done by all the independent participants of the fight against slavery. The UN organ must not become the manager or even worse the owner of this fight against contemporary slavery. After all UN can not prove an impressive success against war, refugees crisis or poverty. Positive steps are a reality that has given some progress to our world. But there are so many unsolved big problems.

If it is a truth that Modern Slavery has a small economic and quantitative impact on today’s world and that it is possible to eliminate it then lets try some different ways from the ones that we have tried so far.

[DS, Ending Slavery – The University of Nottingham, A Freedom Blueprint, Nov. 2016, written by Dimitrios D.Soufleris –  https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/slavery/1/assignments/129116/submission/new]

Written by dds2

Νοέμβριος 22, 2016 at 11:50 πμ